Restraining line: Divides area where a maximum of seven of our offensive players and eight of the opponent’s defensive players (including the goalkeeper) are allowed.
Critical scoring area: Unmarked area 15 meters in front and to the side of the goal, and 9 meters behind it. Includes the “fan” and the “arc.” Defenders must allow free space to goal (an opened lane) when the offense is inside this area unless closely guarding an opponent within a stick's length. Also, penalties within this area have special consequences.
Twelve-meter fan: 12-meter semi-circle used in the administration of minor fouls. Also called the “fan.”
Eight-meter arc: Inside this area, defenders must be within a stick's-length of their attackers or move out of the area within 3 seconds. The hash marks in this area are used to administer a free shot. Also called the “arc.”
Hash marks: Five marks on the eight-meter arc used for a free shot. Play resumes from the closest hash mark to the foul.
Goal circle: Circle that surrounds the goal and indicates the area in which only the goalie can enter. Also called the “crease.”
Center circle: Circle in the middle of the field where a draw is taken.
Team substitution area: Area where substitute players may enter the field as soon as teammate leaves the field in the same area.
Positions: Two teams compete with 12 players each: a goalkeeper, 4 attackers, and 4 defenders, and 3 midfielders.
Traditionally, women played with three attackers (starting with the position closest to the net that a team is shooting at, the attack positions are called "first home", "second home", and "third home"), five midfielders (a "right attack wing", a "left attack wing", a "right defensive wing", a "left defensive wing", and a "center"), three defenders (starting from the position closest to the net a team is defending, these positions are called "point", "cover point", and "third man"), and one goalie. We will not be using the traditional nomenclature since it's easier for players to use the newer system.
Stand: Every time the whistle sounds, players are ordered to "stand" or remain stationary until the referee restarts the game and/or repositions players. No "creeping" or moving when the official blows the whistle to stop play.
Draw: How play is started at the beginning of the game or after a goal.
Throw: A throw occurs for offsetting fouls or after an inadvertent whistle. Two players stand near the sideline facing the referee who throws the ball and blows the whistle.